The sweet potato's deep orange hue reveals its rich beta-carotene content.

How to Cook Sweet Potatoes Without Losing Nutrients

by Alberto J. Medina

Rich in vitamin A, potassium and vitamin B6, sweet potatoes are an incredibly nutritious root vegetable. Research has shown that preparation methods profoundly influence the nutrient content of fruits and vegetables. In a comparison of cooking methods, a study published in the 2008 issue of the "Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry" found that boiling was generally best for retaining precursors of vitamin A in another root vegetable also rich in the vitamin -- carrots. Frying was the worst.

1. Boiling Sweet Potatoes for Maximum Nutrient Retention

1 Wash the sweet potato and lightly scrub the skin with a produce brush to remove any caked-on dirt. Peel the sweet potato, if desired.

2. Boiling Sweet Potatoes for Maximum Nutrient Retention

2 Trim the ends of the sweet potato with a kitchen knife to remove the fibrous tips. Slice the root vegetable into similarly-sized chunks to allow the pieces to cook evenly.

3. Boiling Sweet Potatoes for Maximum Nutrient Retention

3 Fill a cooking pot with enough water to cover the sweet potato pieces. Select a pot large enough to prevent over-crowding and allows the vegetable pieces room to move in the water.

4. Boiling Sweet Potatoes for Maximum Nutrient Retention

4 Boil the sweet potato chunks until they are tender. A knife inserted into the potato's flesh should enter and pull away with little resistance. The pieces should not be so mushy that the potato falls apart when you do this.

5. Boiling Sweet Potatoes for Maximum Nutrient Retention

5 Remove the pot from the heat and drain the cooking liquid using a colander.

6. Boiling Sweet Potatoes for Maximum Nutrient Retention

6 Mash the boiled sweet potato. Add, if you like, a little cinnamon and nutmeg, place the cubes over a bed of fresh greens in a salad or pair them with black beans in a vegetarian taco.

Items you will need

  • Sweet potato
  • Produce brush
  • Peeler
  • Knife
  • Water
  • Cooking pot
  • Colander

About the Author

Alberto J. Medina is a small-business owner, personal trainer and professional writer. He holds a bachelor's degree in exercise and health promotion from Virginia Tech, and is an ACE-certified advanced health and fitness specialist as well as a health coach and group fitness instructor.

Photo Credits

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