Get ready for a wild ride with a 5-year-old kid.

Personal & Social Development of a Five Year Old

by Kathryn Hatter

A 5-year-old can entertain you one minute and astound you with her intellect the next. You never know what's going to come next when you've got a 5-year-old buddy keeping you company. Every youngster develops at his own rate, but you can check on what's average for a 5-year-old in personal and social development to see where your child fits.

1. Physical Development

A 5-year-old's size can vary significantly, with most kids this age weighing between 31 and 57 pounds. A 5-year-old's height should fall between 39 and 48 inches, according to Iowa State University. Five-year-olds are eager to show off their physical skills and tricks for anyone who will watch. Expect your preschooler to be working on pedaling a two-wheeler, catching and throwing balls, and running, skipping, jumping and galloping with gusto. Some 5-year-olds can swim, play basketball and even ride horses. In fact, a motivated 5-year-old thinks that nothing is too hard or too much for him to try.

2. Language Development

With a growing vocabulary, a 5-year-old has the words and understanding to begin wondering about the world. Kids this age often have a strong curiosity that fuels that constant barrage of questions that can exhaust you sometimes. A 5-year-old can be a lively conversationalist, gabbing easily with other kids and adults, too. Have fun telling jokes and riddles with your youngster -- she probably has a quick wit and a sense of humor.

3. Social Development

Socially, 5-year-olds are gaining important social skills that make it possible for them to interact well with peers -- when they want to, that is. Although kids this age should be gaining a good grasp of empathy and have the capacity to share and take turns, they won't always feel like being polite. In fact, a 5-year-old can be bossy when the mood strikes. A 5-year-old can form the first attachment to a special friend, and this is the age when you will start to notice a preference for some kids over other kids. When issues come up, don't be surprised if your little one uses the skills of negotiation and compromise without needing your help, according to the PBS Parents website.

4. Creative Development

You might start hearing wild stories from a 5-year-old as she begins pairing a vivid imagination with an exploding vocabulary. It's OK to let her spin yarns -- kids this age don't always have a firm grasp on the difference between reality and fantasy. Let her have fun with her tales. Kids this age are developing stronger artistic skills; some can create realistic drawings. It's also possible at this age for your child to begin learning an instrument.

About the Author

Kathryn Hatter is a veteran home-school educator, as well as an accomplished gardener, quilter, crocheter, cook, decorator and digital graphics creator. As a regular contributor to Natural News, many of Hatter's Internet publications focus on natural health and parenting. Hatter has also had publication on home improvement websites such as Redbeacon.

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