Aloe vera provides a no-fuss alternative to the standard potted plant. This succulent remains green year around and rarely requires watering or other care. Although aloe only grows outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12, it can thrive as a potted plant. Succulents, like cactus plants, grow best in dry soil with plenty of sunshine. You can keep your potted aloe indoors or display it outside and only bring it in to protect it from winter cold.
Fill pot to within 1 inch of the rim with a potting soil formulated for cactus plants, or mix together equal parts coarse sand and regular potting soil. Select a pot 2 to 3 inches larger in diameter than the base of the aloe plant and with at least one bottom drainage hole.
Slide the aloe plant out of its previous container. Wear gloves to avoid injury from the spines along the leaf margins.
Make a hole in the soil surface that is the same depth as the plant roots. Set the aloe in the soil so it's at the same depth it was at previously and fill in around the roots with additional soil as needed.
Water the aloe until the excess moisture just begins to drip out of the bottom of the pot. Empty any collected water that drains into the drip tray beneath the pot. Allow the soil to dry out almost completely before watering the aloe again.
Set the pot in an area that receives six hours or more of direct, bright sunlight. Maintain temperatures above 50 degrees Fahrenheit at all times to ensure healthiest growth.