Mosses can be classified as either acrocarpous or pleurocarpous.

Building a Fieldstone Walkway with Moss

by Sarah Mason

Fieldstone walkways, also known as flagstone walkways, are popular additions to homes and gardens. These stone paths are durable, require little maintenance and add a natural feel to any landscape. While some fieldstone walkways are built over grass or embedded in concrete, many homeowners choose to lay their paths over soil. Once a flagstone path is established in soil, moss can be grown around the walkway to give the area a peaceful, natural feel.

Remove any grass or weeds in the area where your fieldstone path will lay by using a ready-to-spray glyphosate herbicide or pulling the plant matter up by hand. In addition, remove any rocks, sticks or debris that may interfere with the path.

Outline the area you'd like the fieldstone path to lay by lining it with yarn. Consider the length, width and curvature of the walkway, and position the yarn to reflect these dimensions.

Shovel approximately 6 inches into the topsoil within the area you outlined. Discard the extra soil in a compost bag.

Pour a 3-inch layer of paver base into the excavated area and tamp it solid with a hand tamper. Pour another 1 to 2 inches of paver base into the area and tamp it solid. Continue this process until the paver base is between 2 and 3 inches from ground level. Paver base is crushed stone and stone dust that will provide an adequate foundation for your fieldstone walkway.

Pour 1 inch of soil on top of the paver base. Rake the soil to smooth out uneven land. Smoothing the surface is necessary for proper fieldstone installation and will aid in moss rhizome attachment, which will quicken growth.

Plan your walkway pattern by laying the fieldstones lightly on top of the soil in the formation of your choosing. Start with large stones and lay smaller pieces in between them. Leave 1 to 3 inches of space between the stones for the moss to grow.

Tap the edges of each stone lightly with a rubber mallet to set the stones into the soil. Check each stone with a level to ensure they are even.

Water the area thoroughly to secure the stones in place and to prepare for the transplanting of moss.

Scratch the soil between the fieldstones lightly with a small garden fork to loosen the soil. This will help the moss make good contact.

Lay the moss evenly between the stone cracks and press firmly into the soil. It is best to plant moss on a cloudy day or in the evening out of the direct heat of the day. Once moss is set, water liberally.

Water the moss regularly for the first 3 weeks, using a hose and fine spray head. Feel the moss once a day; if it looks or feels dry, water it. This is necessary for successful establishment into the soil.

Items you will need

  • Glyphosate herbicide (optional)
  • Yarn
  • Shovel
  • Compost bag
  • Paver base
  • Hand tamper
  • Soil
  • Rake
  • Rubber mallet
  • Level
  • Garden fork
  • Moss


  • Mosses will grow in nearly any type of soil, including loam or clay.
  • Some moss may seem dry or withered upon purchase. A good watering will often rectify this problem.
  • Do not worry about spaces between your transplanted moss sheets; these will fill in as the moss grows.
  • Do not walk or play on moss; it is easily damaged and scuffed.

About the Author

Based in Fort Worth, Sarah Mason has been writing articles since 2009 on topics including nutrition, fitness, women's health and gardening. Her work has appeared in "Flourish" and "Her Campus." Mason holds a Bachelors of Arts in economics from the University of Florida.

Photo Credits

  • Hemera Technologies/ Images