Standard roses are also known as tree roses.

How to Graft a Weeping Standard Rose

by Elisabeth Ginsburg

The weeping standard rose (Rosa spp.), generally hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9, is a grafted combination of a rose variety with a straight trunk -- the stock -- and another variety with a weeping habit -- the scion. Rambling varieties, with pliable stems, make the best weeping standards. An example of a good "weeper" is "Felicite et Perpetue" (Rosa "Felicite et Perpetue"), hardy in USDA zones 6b through 10b.

Preparation of Plants

Prune the stock plant back until canes sprouting from the main trunk or stem are only 6 to 8 inches tall.

Cut a portion of one of the canes of the scion rose. It should have several buds -- either swellings on the stem or leaf nodes.

Remove a bud from the scion by making a V-shaped cut beginning just above a bud, angling into the center of the cane until incision goes about halfway through the cane, and then angling outward and down, ending just below the bud.

Peel the thin woody layer away from the back of the scion bud, leaving the damp cambium layer exposed.

Making the Graft

Cut a shallow T-shaped incision in the bark near the top of the root stock's main trunk. The "T" should be about 1 inch long and wide. Cut only the bark, not the underlying tissue.

Open the bark on the sides of the T-shaped cut, and insert the bud so that the cambium layers of stock and scion are in contact. Close the bark over the bud, and trim away excess bark. The bud should protrude from this closed opening.

Hold the bud and stock securely in position by wrapping the cut area with grafting tape or securing the graft with rubber bands. If the graft "takes," you should see new growth in seven to 21 days, at which time you can carefully remove the tape or rubber bands. Remove all rootstock growth -- canes and shoots -- above the graft site once the scion has begun active growth.

Items you will need

  • 1 rose stock plant
  • 1 rambling rose plant
  • Grafting tape or rubber bands
  • Sharp knife or razor blade


  • Bud grafting should always be done when both the stock and scion are in active growth, generally in spring or summer. "Dr. Huey" (Rosa "Dr. Huey"), hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9, is often used as a rootstock. You can also use the rootstock of a grafted rose whose top growth has died off, as long as the stock is healthy and is sprouting new growth from below the old graft site.


About the Author

Elisabeth Ginsburg, a writer with over 20 years' experience, earned an M.A. from Northwestern University and has done advanced study in horticulture at the New York Botanical Garden. Her work has been published in the "New York Times," "Christian Science Monitor," "Horticulture Magazine" and other national and regional publications.

Photo Credits

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