Jade plants (Crassula ovata) are succulent shrubs that grow well in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11. They resemble bonsai trees and are also known as dollar plants. Thanks to their easy growth habits, jade plants make excellent houseplants. You can grow them in containers using well-draining soil and soil amendments, such as perlite. Perlite is actually volcanic glass that keeps the soil porous. If your jade plants aren't doing well in their current potting mix, replant them in a mixture of soil and perlite.
Take your jade plant outside and tilt it until it's almost upside down. If you choose to repot your jade plant indoors, lay down some sheets of newspaper to collect any loose soil.
Hold the base of the jade plant firmly in one hand and gently tap the container against something solid. This will release the jade plant's root ball so you can slide it out of the container.
Remove as much soil from around the root ball as you can with your fingers. Be gentle and don't tug at any of the roots.
Mix equal amounts of topsoil, perlite, pea gravel and chicken grit to make a potting mix that is well draining, recommends the Wisconsin Master Gardener Program.
Place some of your potting mix in a new container that's between 1 and 2 inches wider in diameter than your last container. This allows for new growth. Add enough potting mix so when you place the jade plant's root ball in the pot, it is within 1 inch of the top of the pot.
Set the root ball over the potting mix. Add more potting mix to the container until the root ball is completely surrounded.
Pack the potting mix by gently pressing on it with your hands.
Water the potting mix surrounding your jade plant so the soil is moist. Allow soil to dry out in between waterings after that.