Fireplace hearths provide a decorative yet functional platform for fireplaces and wood stoves.

How to Undercut a Hearth

by Tim Anderson

One aspect of flooring installations is how to hide the termination of the flooring material against walls, under and around doorways and against areas such as a fireplace hearth. If you want the termination point to appear seamless, you have to install the material underneath the edge of a vertical area -- for example, installing baseboards around the edge of the room to hide the gap where the floor material meets the wall. For an existing hearth, however, the only way to make room for the flooring material is to undercut the hearth so you can slide the new flooring into place and have the termination edge out of sight.

Determine what type of material your hearth is made out of and pick up an appropriate blade when you are renting the undercutting saw at your local home improvement store.

Measure the thickness of your flooring material and add any extra for padding or underlayment. For example, with tile floors you have the thickness of the tile plus the thickness of the underlayment plus roughly 1/8 inch for the compressed thickness of the thinset mortar. Hardwood is generally the thickness of the material only, unless you have padding.

Set the height of the blade on the undercut machine to the thickness you need for your flooring type. Double-check this measurement before cutting.

Put on your safety gear. Position yourself on your hands and knees in front of the hearth. Place the machine on the floor with the blade up against the hearth. Hold the machine in both hands and turn it on. Bury the blade into the hearth and slowly push the machine down the length of the entire hearth, cutting as you go.

Pry loose the cut-off section with a hammer and chisel. Press the chisel into the gap left behind by the saw blade of the undercut saw. Pry downward to snap free the cut-off section you need to remove, leaving behind a gap for your flooring material to slide into place. Tap the chisel with a hammer if necessary to help break off the pieces.

Items you will need

  • Safety goggles
  • Dust mask
  • Tape measure
  • Flooring material
  • Undercutting machine with appropriate blade for wood or stone
  • Hammer and chisel


  • All of your tools can be purchased or rented from your local home improvement store. If you have to make any further adjustments, use the hammer and chisel to clear out any left-behind burrs where the material didn't snap off perfectly on the bottom edge of the hearth.
  • For best results, don't cut more than 3/4 inch into the hearth itself, since you don't want to cut into any wood framing that may be behind the face material, such as is the case with tile installations. In cases where the hearth has been installed prior to the subfloor, you will need to make a secondary cut flush with the subfloor, and then chisel out the area between your subfloor flush cut and your finish floor height cut.


  • Always wear safety gear when operating power tools.

About the Author

Tim Anderson has been freelance writing since 2007. His has been published online through GTV Magazine, Home Anatomy, TravBuddy, MMO Hub, Killer Guides and the Delegate2 group. He spent more than 15 years as a third-generation tile and stone contractor before transitioning into freelance writing.

Photo Credits

  • Siri Stafford/Photodisc/Getty Images